NZ Mollusca

Coralliophila squamosissima (E.A. Smith, 1876)

Coralliophila squamosissimaAlive at mid tide among sea-anemones, 19mm
Coralliophila squamosissimaWashed up in the Far North
Coralliophila squamosissimaHermit crab found in a rock pool at low tide, Far North, NZ, 22mm
Coralliophila squamosissimaHermit crab found in a rock pool at low tide, Far North, NZ, 22mm
Classification: Mollusca - Gastropoda - Caenogastropoda - Neogastropoda - Muricidae: Coralliophilinae - Coralliophila
Synonyms: (=Liniaxis Laseron, =Galeropsis Hupé, =Quoyula Iredale)
(=Neothais clathrata Willan not A.Adams, =sertata Brook & Marshall not Hedley)
Size/Grows to: Height 30mm, Width 21mm
Distribution: South Africa, Indo-West Pacific, Australia, Kermadec Islands and Northland east coast [K.A.]
Some known Localities
  • Rodriguez Island, Mauritius, Indian Ocean, (holotype of Rhizochilus squamosissimus Smith, 1876)
  • Raoul Island, Kermadec Islands
  • Kurnell, New South Wales, Australia
  • North West Bay, Great Island, Three Kings Islands, NZ, 23 metres, alive on rocks among algae
  • Kapowairua, Spirits Bay, Far North, NZ
  • Tapotupotu Bay, Far North, NZ
  • Parengarenga Harbour, Far North, NZ, under low-tidal rock
  • Maungaroa, near Te Kaha, SW of Cape Runaway, Bay of Plenty, NZ
  • Marshall, B.A., Oliverio, M. 2009 The Recent Coralliophilinae of the New Zealand region, with descriptions of two new species (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda: Muricidae), Molluscan Research, 29(3) (p.163)
  • Oliverio, M. 2008 Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from the southwest Pacific. In Héros, V., Cowie, R.H. & Bouchet, P. (eds), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos 25, Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 196 (p.481)
  • Willan, R.C. May/1998 An authentic record of Neothais clathrata in New Zealand, Poirieria, 22 (p.1)
  • Brook, F.J., Marshall, B.A. 1998 The coastal molluscan fauna of the northern Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 28 (p.224)

Note: Localities are approximate, and represent only some of the known localities for the species.